Customs and lifestyle of Apatani tribe of Ziro in Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh in northeast India is one beautiful treasure house that is not only famous for its natural beauty but also for its rich culture and tribal heritage. This state has around 26 tribal groups and one of the interesting groups is the Apatani tribe.

Residing in the mesmerizing valleys of Ziro in Arunachal Pradesh, the Apatanis have distinct civilization. The population in Ziro is very less compared to other places in the state and the population is formed by the Apatani tribal group in Ziro. The culture and appearance of the tribe are quite interesting and they have rich traditional ecological knowledge of natural resources management and conservation acquired over the centuries. These people not only make the valleys of Ziro rich with rice cultivation but also celebrate many colorful festivals and are skilled in designing intricate handlooms and make handicrafts out of cane and bamboos. Unlike many other tribes, this tribe is non nomadic and are permanently settled in Ziro; they practice wetland cultivation in terrain by slicing hills whereas other tribes in this state practice cultivation in dry land by cutting down forests. The Apatanis of Ziro in Arunachal Pradesh do not use any farm animals or machines for cultivation. However they are popular for extremely high productivity and unique traditional ways of preserving ecology which led UNESCO to propose the Apatanis in Ziro valley for including as a World Heritage Site.

The Apatanis stand out from others also due to their appearance. The older women wear facial tattoos and large nose rings. However these traditions are non-existent now but you may still see some older women with such features. Ziro is also one of the oldest villages in Arunachal Pradesh and it is recommended to visit Ziro either in summer or the winter.  

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Be amazed by the beauty of Ziro in Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh in northeast India translates to the ‘land of dawn-lit mountains’, often called as the land of the rising sun. The lush green rolling hills, dense forests, rich culture, fresh water bodies and the least traveled places in Arunachal Pradesh attracts tourists from all around the world.

Ziro is an attractive quaint town in Lower Subaniri district of Arunachal Pradesh which is home to the Apatani tribe. Ziro is the cradle to this tribal group with warm and gentle climate famous for its pine trees and rice fields. Besides the astonishing scenic views, this quaint town Ziro is famous for Apatani tribal heritage which invokes curiosity among travelers. It is a popular tourist place in Arunachal Pradesh and was also shortlisted for inclusion in the tentative list for nomination to UNESCO for the inscription in World Heritage Site. The stunning valleys of Ziro are around 115km away from the capital Itanagar and might take approximately three and half hours to reach. On your way to Ziro, you can witness other beautiful sides of the state and be amazed by the views that it offers.

During summer from April-June the place becomes warm is a good time to experience the warmth of the hills. The winter between October-March is also an appropriate time to visit Ziro and enjoy the views of the nature. It is not recommended to visit Ziro in monsoon from July-September to avoid any kind of difficulties during your trip like heavy rainfall, flood etc.

Travelers seeking for tranquility may visit Ziro in Arunachal Pradesh and wander in this charming little town to be found in between the epitomic scenic beauty. If you are nature lover, an adventure seeker, looking for camping site or soul captivating experience, Ziro in Arunachal Pradesh is for you and this place will not disappoint you.

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