Loktak Lake: An incredible natural marvel

Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in India famous for many heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil and organic matter at various stages of decomposition floating over it, locally called as the phumdis. The etymology of Loktak is Lok ‘stream’ and tak ‘the end’. The largest of all the phumdis covers an area of 40 sq km and is situated on the southeastern shore of the Lake.

The Loktak Lake is spread across the area of 236.21 sq km. Every year on the 15th of October in Manipur at the periphery of Loktak Lake, the Loktak Day is observed to celebrate its uniqueness. The Keibul Lamjao National Park is the only floating National Park in the world located on a phumdi at Loktak Lake. This ancient lake plays an important role in the economy of Manipur. It serves as a source of water for hydropower generation, irrigation and drinking water supply. It is also the source of livelihood for the rural fishermen who live in the surrounding areas. The famous Sendra Island is also located at Loktak Lake. From Sendra Island the visitors get a bird’s eye view of life on the Loktak Lake on small islands that are actually floating weeds associated with which are various aspects of life of the local inhabitants. Many local, exotic and migratory birds can be sighted at this lake. It is a birder’s paradise.

A day spent at Loktak Lake is a lifetime of memory and is a must visit place for biodiversity lovers. Within the lake and on its periphery, there are 14 hills of varying size and elevation. However, the Loktak Lake and its precincts have faced serious problems due to loss of vegetal cover in the catchment area and construction of Ithai barrage at the outlet of the lake for multipurpose development of water resources. Further, the degradation of the catchment area has occurred. Deforestation and shifting cultivation in the catchment areas have accelerated the process of soil erosion resulting in the lake’s shrinkage due to siltation. Read full article at: https://www.tourgenie.com/travel-diaries/travel-blogs/loktak-lake-an-incredible-natural-marvel

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Loktak

Loktak Lake in Manipur at Bishnupur District is the largest freshwater Lake in the whole of India. This gorgeous lake is spread across 287sq km and is fed by five main rivers in Manipur. The Loktak Lake got its name from Meitei words Lok meaning stream tak meaning end hence it is the end of the Imphal River. Another unique feature of Loktak Lake is the floating mass of vegetation, these floating mass are called phumdis locally varying in thickness from 0.4 to 4.5 m deep.

Loktak Lake also has the famous Sendra Island resting on it, home to all the rivers and rivulets of Manipur and a famous tourist spot. The only floating National Park in the world is located in this lake called the Keibul Lamjao National Park that is home to sangai deer, wild boar, large Indian civet, otter, flying fox etc. Besides these animals there are a number of fish, amphibians, local and migratory birds and reptiles found in the park.  Rock Python is the largest carnivore reptile on the floating islands of the lake.

In Manipur the Loktak Day is observed every year on 15th October at the periphery of the lake to celebrate its uniqueness. This lake is well connected by road to Imphal and is 39 km away. It also serves as a source of water for hydropower generation, irrigation and drinking water. The Lake is also a source of livelihood for the rural fishermen who live in the surrounding areas and on phumdis. With 55 rural and urban hamlets around the Loktak Lake and a population of about 100,000 people living at the edge of the Lake, there is an enormous ecological pressure on the Loktak Lake. Today, Loktak Lake is at the highest level of eutrophication. The green surroundings, crimson sunset by the lake, pristine water, the labyrinth of boat routes add on to the beauty of the lake.

Read full article at: https://www.tourgenie.com/travel-diaries/travel-blogs/loktak